Testing Taps & Targets#

The Meltano SDK includes suites of standard tests for both Taps and Targets to help you get started. These suites cover most common cases out-of-the-box, and tests are added to the standard suites as new errors are encountered by users in their deployments.

Test Framework#

The Meltano SDK test framework consists of 4 main components:

  1. A runner class (TapTestRunner and TargetTestRunner), responsible for executing Taps/Targets and capturing their output.

  2. A suite dataclass, containing a list of tests.

  3. A test template classes (TapTestTemplate, StreamTestTemplate, AttributeTestTemplate and TargetTestTemplate), with methods to .setup(), .test(), .validate() and .teardown() (called in that order using .run()).

  4. get_tap_test_class and get_target_test_class factory methods. These wrap a get_test_class factory method, which takes a runner and a list of suites and return a pytest test class.

Example Usage#

If you created your Tap/Target using the provided cookiecutter templates, you will find the following snippets in tests/test_core.py. You will also find a conftest.py file containing configuration of the SDK as a pytest plugin. This is required for tests to collect correctly:

# register the singer_sdk pytest plugin
pytest_plugins = ("singer_sdk.testing.pytest_plugin",)

Testing Taps#

import datetime

from singer_sdk.testing import get_tap_test_class

from example.tap import TapExample

    "start_date": datetime.datetime.now(datetime.timezone.utc).strftime("%Y-%m-%d")

# Run standard built-in tap tests from the SDK:
TestTapExample = get_tap_test_class(

Testing Targets#

import pytest
from typing import Dict, Any

from singer_sdk.testing import get_target_test_class

from example.target import TargetExample

SAMPLE_CONFIG: Dict[str, Any] = {
    # TODO: Initialize minimal target config

# Run standard built-in target tests from the SDK:
StandardTargetTests = get_target_test_class(

class TestTargetExample(StandardTargetTests):
    """Standard Target Tests."""

    def resource(self):
        """Generic external resource.

        This fixture is useful for setup and teardown of external resources,
        such output folders, tables, buckets etc. for use during testing.

        Example usage can be found in the SDK samples test suite:
        yield "resource"

Configuring Tests#

Test suite behaviors can be configured by passing a SuiteConfig instance to the get_test_class functions:

from singer_sdk.testing import SuiteConfig, get_tap_test_class

from tap_stackexchange.tap import TapStackExchange

    "site": "stackoverflow",
    "tags": [
    "metrics_log_level": "debug",


TestTapStackExchange = get_tap_test_class(
    tap_class=TapStackExchange, config=SAMPLE_CONFIG, suite_config=TEST_SUITE_CONFIG

Check out singer_sdk/testing/config.py for available config options.

Writing New Tests#

Writing new tests is as easy as subclassing the appropriate class. Check out singer_sdk/testing/tap_tests.py and singer_sdk/testing/target_tests.py for inspiration.

class TapCLIPrintsTest(TapTestTemplate):
    "Test that the tap is able to print standard metadata."
    name = "cli_prints"

    def test(self):

Once you have created some tests, add them to a suite:

my_custom_tap_tests = TestSuite(
    kind="tap", tests=[TapCLIPrintsTest]

This suite can now be passed to get_tap_test_class or get_target_test_class in a list of custom_suites along with any other suites, to generate your custom test class.

If your new test covers a common or general case, consider contributing to the standard test library via a pull request to meltano/sdk.